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References

Here is a collection of literature references to the method of text analysis that the ETCBC has practised over the years. It ranges from references to historical articles with a varying degree of availability, to more recent Open Access white papers describing the current situation. A lot of these references have been contributed by Oliver Glanz. Where possible we have included links to the downloadable full text versions.

This is a (anti-)chronological list of references that give more information about the ETCBC method of encoding and text analysis. If the full text is available, a download link and a summary is provided.

If you have full text copies of those papers, please send them to shebanq@ancient-data.org and they will be included on here.

N.B. Unless an author has explicitly ceded publication rights exclusively to a publisher for an indefinite period of time, (s)he is free to publish her own copy online!

Talstra, Eep (2016)

Data, Knowledge and Tradition: Biblical Scholarship and the Humanities 2.0: Exodus 19 as a Laboratory Text

What does it mean for the discipline of Old Testament scholarship to be part of the study of Humanities in general?

This question is relevant in the context of the actual discussions about academic biblical research and the role of the Bible in churches and theology, since it appears that two somewhat contradictory movements have been developing.

author's copy (pdf), book website at Brill. read in Google Books.

In Spronk, Klaas: The Present State of Old Testament Studies in the Low Countries: A Collection of Old Testament Studies Published on the Occasion of the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Oudtestamentisch Werkgezelschap, pp. 228-247. 2016, Leiden: Brill. Book DOI: 10.1163/9789004326255.

Oosting, Reinoud (2016)

Computer-Assisted Analysis of Old Testament Texts: The Contribution of the wivu to Old Testament Scholarship

History of the WIVU-ETCBC database.

Describing the history of the WIVU, this paper intends to show the close relationship between the WIVU database and its methodological line of thinking. In doing so, it seeks to explain how the WIVU developed in the course of time and how it will deal with the challenges of the near future.

author's copy (pdf), book website at Brill. read in Google Books.

In Spronk, Klaas: The Present State of Old Testament Studies in the Low Countries: A Collection of Old Testament Studies Published on the Occasion of the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Oudtestamentisch Werkgezelschap, pp. 192-209. 2016, Leiden: Brill. Book DOI: 10.1163/9789004326255.

Glanz, Oliver (2016)

Bible Software on the Workbench of the Biblical Scholar: Assessment and Perspective

Digital Humanity Quarterly, forthcoming.

Glanz, Oliver, Reinoud Oosting, and Janet W. Dyk (2016)

Valence Patterns in Biblical Hebrew: Classical Philology and Linguistic Patterns

Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages, no. 44 (2016): 43–62.

Sandborg-Petersen, Ulrik (2007-2015)

Emdros Query Guide

This guide will show you how to use the Emdros Corpus Query System to query your data. It assumes that you have already imported your data into Emdros, and simply want to start querying. It is aimed at the non-technical person, though familiarity with corpus linguistics is assumed.

emdros.org, full article (pdf),

Website by the author, 2007-2015.

Dyk, Janet W., Oliver Glanz, and Reinoud Oosting (2014)

Analysing Valence Patterns in Biblical Hebrew: Theoretical Questions and Analytic Frameworks

full article (author's copy with deviant page numbering) (pdf), abstract online.

Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages, no. 40 (2014): 43–62.

Glanz, Oliver (2014)

Review: Bod, Rens. A New History of the Humanities: The Search for Principles and Patterns from Antiquity to the Present

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Andrews University Seminary Studies 52, no. 2 (2014).

Glanz, Oliver (2013)

Understanding Participant-Reference Shifts in the Book of Jeremiah: A Study of Exegetical Method and Its Consequences for the Interpretation of Referential Incoherence

Studia Semitica Neerlandica 60. Leiden: Brill, 2013.

Glanz, Oliver (2011)

Who Is Speaking-Who Is Listening? How Information Technology Can Confirm the Integrity of the Text

In Tradition and Innovation in Biblical Interpretation: Studies Presented to Professor Eep Talstra on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday, edited by Wido T. Peursen van and Janet W. Dyk, 337–59. Studia Semitica Neerlandica. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

Talstra, Eep (2011)

Sinners and Syntax: Poetry and Discourse in Jeremiah 5

In Ἐν πάσῃ γραμματικῇ  καὶ σοφίᾳ: En Pāsē Grammatikē Kai Sophiā, edited by Gregor Geiger, 78:337–56. Analecta. Milano, Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 2011.

Glanz, Oliver (2009)

Durchsuchen von Textausgaben

In Stuttgarter Elektronische Studienbibel : Handbuch, 39–47. Stuttgart, Haarlem: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap, 2009.

Glanz, Oliver (2009)

Spezielle Hilfsmittel zu den Originalsprachigen Bibeltexten

In Stuttgarter Elektronische Studienbibel : Handbuch, edited by Bertram Salzmann, 62–86. Stuttgart, Haarlem: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap, 2009.

Glanz, Oliver, and Christof Hardmeier (2009)

Bible Study with SESB - Basics and Outstanding Features

In Stuttgarter Elektronische Studienbibel: Handbuch, edited by Bertram Salzmann, 175–81. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap, 2009.

Glanz, Oliver, and Christof Hardmeier (2009)

Nachwort: Bibelstudium Mit SESB - Grundlagen Und Besonderheiten

In Stuttgarter Elektronische Studienbibel: Handbuch, edited by Bertram Salzmann, 91–97. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap, 2009.

Talstra, Eep (2007)

I and Your People: Syntax and Dialogue in Exod 33

Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages, no. 33/2 (2007): 89–97.

Talstra, Eep (2007)

The Discourse of Praying: Reading Nehemiah 1

In Psalms and Prayers : Papers Read at the Joint Meeting of the Society of Old Testament Study and the Oudtestamentische Werkgezelschap in Nederland En België, Apeldoorn August 2006, 219–36. Oudtestamentische Studiën. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2007.

Peursen, Wido Th. van and Eep Talstra (2007)

Computer-Assisted Analysis of Parallel Texts in the Bible - The Case of 2 Kings xviii-xix and its Parallels in Isaiah and Chronicles

In literary-critical and text historical studies of the Bible the comparison of parallel texts plays an important role. Starting from the description of the proximity of parallel texts as a continuum from very close to very loose, this article discusses the way in which the computer can facilitate a comparison of various types of parallel texts. 2 Kings 18-19 and Isaiah 37-38 are taken as an example of two closely related texts. The Kings chapters and their parallels in 2 Chronicles 32 occupy a position at the other side of the continuum. These chapters differ so much, that it is sometimes impossible to establish which verses should be considered parallel. The computer-assisted analysis brings to light some striking correspondences, that disappear in traditional synopses, such as Ben Davids Parallels in the Bible. These observations have an impact on our evaluation of the Chronicler's user of his sources and his literary taste.

full article (pdf), on academia.edu, DOI: 10.1163/15685337X167855.

In: Vetus Testamentum 57, pp. 45-72. 2007, Brill, Leiden.

Talstra, Eep (2006)

Syntax and Composition: The Use of Yiqtol in Narrative Sections in the Book of Exodus

In The Interpretation of Exodus: Studies in Honour of Cornelis Houtman, 225–36. Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology. Leuven: Peeters, 2006.

Hunziker-Rodewald, Regine, and Christof Hardmeier (2006)

Texttheorie Und Texterschließung: Grundlagen Einer Empirisch-Textpragmatischen Exegese

In Lesarten Der Bibel: Untersuchungen Zu Einer Theorie Der Exegese Des Alten Testaments, edited by Erhard Blum and Helmut Utzschneider, 13–44. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2006.

Talstra, Eep, and Janet W. Dyk (2006)

The Computer and Biblical Research: Are There Perspectives beyond the Imitation of Classical Instruments?

In Text, Translation, and Tradition: Studies on the Peshitta and Its Use in the Syriac Tradition. Presented to Konrad D. Jenner on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday, edited by Wido T. Peursen van and R. B. Haar Romeny ter, 189–203. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Talstra, Eep (2006)

Text Segmentation and Linguistic Levels : Preparing Data for SESB

In Stuttgarter Elektronische Studienbibel: Handbuch, 182–88. Stuttgart, Haarlem: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap, 2006.

Talstra, Eep (2004)

On Scrolls and Screens. Bible Reading between History and Industry

In Critical Thinking and the Bible in the Age of New Media, 291–309. Lanham: University Press of America, 2004.

Talstra, Eep (2003)

Text segmentation and linguistic levels - Preparing data for SESB

Linguistic data beyond word level?

One question for many years already has been dominant in the research of the ’Werkgroep Informatica in its preparation of linguistically analysed text data for projects such as the Stuttgart Electronic Study Bible (SESB). It is the question how to get beyond word-level in the linguistic analysis of Hebrew and Aramaic texts of the Bible. It may sound as an relatively easy task: once you have made a database of the Bible with an analysis of all its Hebrew and Aramaic words, simply proceed by analysing phrases, subjects, predications, sentences, etc. However, in trying to do so, one rapidly finds out two things.

full article (pdf), read in Google Books.

In C.Hardmeier, E. Talstra, B. Salzmann: Handbuch/Instruction manual SESB (Stuttgart Elektronic Study Bible), pp. 23-32. 2004, Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft; Haarlem: Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap. See also: W. Th. van Peursen and J.W. Dyk (eds.): Tradition and Innovation in Biblical Interpretation - Studies presented to Professor Eep Talstra on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday. Studia Semitica Neerlandica, Brill, 2011.

Talstra, Eep (2002)

Oude En Nieuwe Lezers: Een Inleiding in de Methoden van Uitleg van Het Oude Testament

Kampen: Kok, 2002.

Talstra, Eep (2002)

Signs, Design and Signification. The Example of 1 Kings 21

In Bible and Computer. The Stellboxch AIBI-6 Conference, 147–66. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Merwe van der, Christo H. J. (2002)

An Overview of Recent Developments in the Description of Biblical Hebrew Relevant to Bible Translation

In Acta Theologica Supplementum, 2:228–45, 2002.

Talstra, Eep (2001)

Texts for Recitation: Deuteronomy 6:7, 11:19

In Unless Some One Guide Me...: Festschrift Für Karel A Deurloo, edited by Janet W. Dyk, 67–76. ACEBT. Maastricht: Shaker Publishing, 2001.

Talstra, Eep, and Carl Bosma (2001)

Psalm 67: Blessing, Harves and History: A Proposal for Exegetical Methodology

In the Old Testament documents there are a number of references or allusions to the Aaronic blessing in Numbers 6:24-26. One can therefore conclude that the priestly blessing plays a significant role in Old Testament literature generally. However, echoes of this blessing are especially frequent in the book of Psalms.

full article (pdf) at gordon.edu, full article (pdf).

Calvin Theological Journal, no. 36 (n.d.): 290–313.

Talstra, Eep, and Constantijn J. Sikkel (2000)

Genese Und Kategorienentwicklung Der WIVU-Datenbank

full article (pdf).

In Ad Fontes! Quellen Erfassen - Lesen - Deuten, edited by Hardmeier, Christof, Syring, Range, and Eep Talstra, 15:22–68. APPLICATIO. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 2000.

Talstra, Eep (2000)

Computer-assisted linguistic analysis. The Hebrew Database used in Quest.2

The emphasis in my contribution being on data types and data structures, the main focus will be on the research needed to produce linguistically analyzed Hebrew text data and the impact this research has on grammatical and exegetical research in general. As a tool for retrieval, Quest2 will allow its user to retrieve from the database of Old Testament text a variety of grammatical and lexical data. So the challenge for the data producer is: how does one define and store the following data?

full article (pdf).

In: J.A.Cook (ed.): Bible and Computer. The Stellenbosch AIBI-6 Conference. 2000-07-17/21, Stellenbosch: Proceedings of the Association Internationale Bible et Informatique. Brill, Leiden, 2002, 3-22.

Talstra, Eep (1999)

Texts and Their Readers: On Reading the Old Testament in the Context of Theology

In The Rediscovery of the Hebrew Bible Amsterdamse Cahiers Voor Exegese van de Bijbel En Zijn Tradities. Supplement Series. Maastricht: Shaker, 1999.

Talstra, Eep (1998)

From the 'Eclipse' to the 'Art' of Biblical Narrative: Reflections on Methods of Biblical Exegesis

In Perspectives in the Study of the Old Testament and Early Judaism: A Symposium in Honour of Adams S. van Der Woude on the Occasion o His 70th Birthday, xi, 284. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 1998.

Talstra, Eep(1997)

Deuteronomy 31: Confusion or Conclusion? The Story of Moses’ Threefold Succession

In Deuteronomy and Deuteronomic Literature, 88–95. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1997.

Talstra, Eep (1997)

A Hierarchy of Clauses in Biblical Hebrew Narrative

In Narrative Syntax and the Hebrew Bible: Papers of the Tilburg Conference 1996, 85–118. Biblical Interpretation Series. Leiden, New York: Brill, 1997.

Talstra, Eep (1995)

Clause Types, Textual Hierarchy, Translation

In Narrative and Comment: Contributions to Discourse Grammar and Biblical Hebrew Presented to Wolfgang Schneider. Amsterdam: Societas Hebraica Amstelodamensis, 1995.

Talstra, Eep (1995)

Narrative and Comment: Contributions to Discourse Grammar and Biblical Hebrew Presented to Wolfgang Schneider

Amsterdam: Societas Hebraica Amstelodamensis, 1995.

Verheij, Arian (1994)

Grammatica Digitalis I - The Morphological Code in the “Werkgroep Informatica” Computer Text of the Hebrew Bible

The former Werkgroep Informatica at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam (currently: Eep Talstra Centre for Bible and Computer) has created a morphologically coded data base of the Hebrew Bible. Grammatica Digitalis offers a detailed description of the morphological coding system. The form KTB[TJ, for instance, represents the Hebrew word כָּתַבְתִּי (katabtî – ‘I have written’), indicating that it has two elements, a lexical part, KTB, and a verbal suffix, TJ. This means it is a verb, perfect (qatal), 1st singular. The absence of any binyan marker signals the verb is of the Qal binyan.

full article (pdf), website author.

1994, Amsterdam: VU University Press. ISBN 9053832793.

Talstra, Eep, and Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen (1992)

A Prophet on the Screen: Computerized Description and Literary Interpretation of Isaianic Texts

Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1992.

Talstra, Eep, and Christof F. Hardmeier (1989)

Sprachgestalt Und Sinngehalt: Wege Zu Neuen Instrumenten Der Computergestützten Textwahrnehmung

Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 101 (1989).

Talstra, Eep (1987)

Towards a Distributional Definition of Clauses in Classical Hebrew: A Computer-Assisted Description of Clauses and Clause Types in Deut 4,3-8

Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 63 (1987): 95–105.

Schneider, Wolfgang, and Oskar Grether (1974)

Grammatik Des Biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch

München: Claudius-Verlag, 1974.